National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
The NDMA is apex statutory body for disaster management in India and established in 2009.
- It is under control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
- Its provisions are envisaged in Disaster Management Act, 2005
- It is headed by the Prime Minister of India.
- Its primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resiliency and crisis response. It is also apex body to lay down policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective response to disasters..
Functions and Responsibilities of NDMA
- Lay down policies on disaster management.
- Approve the National Disaster Plan.
- Approve plans prepared by Ministries or Departments of Central Government in accordance with National Plan.
- Provide such support to other countries affected by major disasters as determined by Central Government;
- Recommend provision of funds for the purpose of mitigation.
- Take such other measures for prevention of disaster or mitigation or preparedness and capacity building for dealing with threatening disaster situation or disaster as it may consider necessary.
- Lay down broad policies and guidelines for the functioning of National Institute of Disaster Management.
- Lay down guidelines to be followed by State Authorities in drawing up State Plan.
- Lay down guidelines to be followed by different Ministries or Departments of Central Government for purpose of integrating measures for disaster prevention or mitigation of its effects in their development plans and projects.
- Coordinate enforcement and implementation of disaster management policy and plan.